In the 1980’s the state was given the nickname by the Arkansas Parks System. The state changed its nickname from “Land of Opportunity” to “The Natural State” in 1995. In Dover, Arkansas, there is an operational double-decker outhouse at the Booger Hollow Trading Post.. General Douglas MacArthur, soldier and statesman, was born in Little Rock in 1880. Arkansas - Location in the US Earliest Residents. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. The Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw are the three native tribes that lived in the Arkansas region. In the past, the people relied their life on the plantation. Arkansas-native Hattie Caraway was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in November 1932. Its total length is 1,450 miles. Rice production is a billion dollar industry in Arkansas. Meteorites (the oldest known objects on the planet) weighing a couple of pounds or more fall within Arkansas about every year or two. In the early 20th century, ostrich racing was a popular sport at Cockburn’s Ostrich Farm in Hot Springs. The largest diamond ever discovered in North America was found in Crater of Diamonds State Park in 1924. Arkansas has a rich and unique culture unlike that of any other state in the southern region of the United States. Bring history and geography to life with Time4Learning’s interactive online social studies curriculum for grades 2-12.. Geographical Facts About Arkansas. 12. About half of Arkansas is covered under forest. [1], 18. The Mockingbird is also the state bird of Texas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida. 1. No doubt, Arkansas is the largest producer of rice among the 50 states. Arkansas is home to the first piece of land protected by the … Did you know that the website of Arkansas Space Observatory is one of the world’s most visited space resources today? The land of the Hot Springs National Park was set aside by the federal government for its use as an area for recreation. Milk is the official state beverage. Facts about Little Rock Arkansas 4: the history of Little Rock. 1804 - Arkansas is part of the Louisiana Territory. Did you know that the first WalMart was opened in 1962 by Sam Walton in Rogers, Arkansas? P. 11. Arkansas does not have any federally recognized lands or tribes which existed within the state. 40. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. 21. 12. A major tributary of the Mississippi River, the Arkansas River generally flows to the east and southeast, through the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.At 1,469 miles long, it is the sixth longest river in the United States and the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system. 22. [7], 23. Did you know that diamonds are also Arkansas’ state gem? 10,000 BC - The first indigenous people were of the Paleo-Indian culture who lived in caves or were Nomadic Hunters. Brutal Facts About Arkansas’ Elaine Massacre. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861, but from 1863 the northern part of the state was occupied by Union troops. We’ve got 2.5 million acres of national forest, fifty state parks, seven national scenic byways, and three state scenic byways. As of 1 January 2018, the population of Arkansas was estimated to be 3,004,279. The explorers met a group of Indians, known as the Ugakhpah, which means "people who live downstream.". Despite the immense resources, Arkansas is one of the poorest states in the union. Miller County was formed in 1820 in the Arkansas Territory; it was named in honor General James Miller, Arkansas' first territorial governor and a general during the War of 1812.Miller County was formed although there was considerable uncertainty as to the location of the boundary between the county (and the United States) and the Mexican boundary (Mexico then included Texas). The town quickly grew and soon had the Arkansas Gazette, schools, and churches. Each morning begins with a gourmet breakfast to start your day off on the right foot. The state also generates its own nuclear and hydroelectric power for the purpose. [1], 17. Geographically located north of Louisiana and flanked on the east by the Mississippi River’s west bank, the development of the state of Arkansas spanned three centuries. The state tree was established in 1939 by the General Assembly. The design of the Arkansas state flag was actually the result of a contest. Can you locate Arkansas on this printable map of America?Arkansas is home to plenty of natural areas, with a wide range of landscapes to explore. Bill Clinton was the governor of Arkansas before becoming the president of the U.S. 1836 - Arkansas becomes the 25th U.S. state. Arkansas was part of the Louisiana Purchase between the United States and France. It was covered by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico until about 50 million years ago. Arkansas is home to 4 species of the pine including the Shortleaf pine, Loblolly pine, Longleaf pine, and Slash pine. Arkansas (nicknamed: “the Natural State”, “Land of Opportunity”) has 75 counties. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. We invite you to come and visit Arkansas and check out the beauty for yourself. The land rose during periods of tectonic uplift, and water in the Gulf of Mexico retreated to near its present position. Arkansas is also a leader in the production of cotton, rice, and soybeans. Read on to find out 10 of the most interesting facts about Arkansas history. The honeybee is the Arkansas state insect. The name Arkansas is derived from the word. History. Willie Kavanaugh Hocker designed the flag with its outer diamond, 25 white stars and 4 blue stars within the diamond. Arkansas is a state located in the Southern region of the United States. The South Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato is the official state fruit and blossom. [9], 8. Did you know that Little Rock (the state’s capital) derives its name from a small rock formation on the south bank of the Arkansas River called the “Little Rock”.[14]. The racial divides in the United States have a long and troubled history, beginning with slavery in the American colonies and continuing today, with police violence against African Americans and ensuing riots. alone. Flickr/Jimmy Emmerson DVM. The 25 white stars represent Arkansas being the 25. history.com. Interestingly, it is against state law to mispronounce the word “Arkansas” while in the state. iStock 17. Rice production reportedly began in Arkansas in 1902 with one acre of rice grown in Lonoke County. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. Did you know that Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto was the first European to reach Arkansas in 1541? Calhoun County (5,368) is the least populated county in Arkansas. Arkansas (AR): Map, Abbreviation, State, History and Facts Arkansas State. Mount Magazine at 2,753 feet is the highest point in the state. The Little Rock Central High School and Quapaw Quarter are … In 1957, for the first time in the history of the state, nine African Americans were inducted into Little Rock Central High School. [8], 25. The Presidential Clinton Library in Little Rock is a major tourist attraction. Fun Facts. Fur trader Henri de Tonty, the Father of Arkansas, founded the first European Settlement on the Arkansas River. Arkansas’s most important crop is rice. This event marked an important milestone in the nation’s civil rights movement. Cephas Washburn established Dwight Mission near Russellville as a school for Cherokee youth at … 1868 - Arkansas is readmitted to the Union. Culture. Clay. Other nicknames in the past have included the Wonder State, Rackensack, the Bear State and the Toothpick State. Facts about Arkansas 4: the economy today. Arkansas Fun Facts. Did you know that Arkansas was ranked number 8th on the list of the states with most underprivileged children? [5], 24. [1], 19. In years past, Arkansas was a large producer of apples. More Arkansas History Firsts & State Facts. Arkansas History. It was designated in 1985. Arkansas is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. President Clinton was one of the most popular presidents in modern history and has since brought a lot of clout and development to his home state. Arkansas is the 33rd most populous and the 29th most extensive of the 50 states of the United States. Little Rock is Arkansas’s state capital. [23], 7. It is situated in the Arkansas River valley.[1]. Lafayette County (545 sq mi) is the smallest county in Arkansas. [1], 15. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. At 40.23 carats, it was named “Uncle Sam.” More than 33,100 diamonds have been found by park visitors since the Crater of Diamonds became an Arkansas state park in 1972. After it returned to the union, the economic and social life was down in Arkansas because the people relied so much on the plantation and slavery. With the conclusion of the Civil War in 1865, the onslaught of the Reconstruction days, as they were called, commenced and many prominent changes occurred. It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. The state flower was established back in 1901. Arkansas City Facts. These ; Native Americans later were called the Quapaw, also called the Arkansaw. The state is known for its beautiful lakes, rivers, and hot springs. The school previously allowed only white students to attend. 39. Its name is an Algonquian name of the Quapaw Indians. A farm in Lavaca has a silo painted into a giant Budweiser beer can. Tyson Foods, Inc., was one of the most important manufacturing firms in Arkansas. It is interesting to note here that Walmart employes a staggering 2.3 million associates around the world, out of which 1.5 million are employed in the U.S. 1821 - Little Rock becomes the capital. Arkansas is the only US State that produces diamonds. [1], 20. Arkansas is known as The Natural State but has not always been referred to as that. The first Arkansas State Highway Commission was appointed in 1913.[11]. Arkansas is officially known as The Natural State. From how the state got its nickname to how Little Rock became the capital, it all dates back to the early 1800’s. The Arkansas state bird is the Mockingbird and has been since 1929. Come learn about the geography, symbols, history, and unique features of 'The Natural State' in this lesson! The state is also home to some 300 native species of birds including bald eagles, blue jays, flycatchers and more. There are so many interesting facts about Arkansas around this period in history that it's worth a trip to some of the region's museums for a broader illustration of the most notable events. The honeybee has great attention to detail and works hard on crop pollination. Here Arsenic and Old Lace we are set in the Ozark Mountains of Eureka Springs. Arkansas has experienced only one major earthquake (the New Madrid earthquake of 1811-1812). The Gulf Coastal Plain is an area of relatively gently sloping terrain extending across the southern portion of the United States from Texas to Georgia. Arkansas got its name from French settlers in the region. The state attained statehood on June 15, 1836, becoming the 25th state to join the union. 29. [10], 27. Symbolizing the becoming of Arkansas as the 25th state of the union, Arkansas state flag has 25 stars. This was the first time this was done (way before the concept of a national park existed). However, it is also one of the most generous states. The name Arkansas is derived from the word acansaw which means downstream place. Get our guide to the best of: Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. 1861 - Arkansas secedes from the Union and becomes a member of the Confederate States of America. County Population Facts. In June of 1836, Arkansas became a state. The Apple Blossom is the Arkansas state flower. Before Arkansas was a state, it became a separate territory in 1819. Get facts and photos about the 25th state. [26] Arkansas – Quick facts and State symbols It is the oldest park maintained by the National Park Service. Request your free vacation guide to Eureka Springs. [12], 28. Interestingly, a 13-year-old girl from Missouri found a 2.93-carat diamond in Crater of Diamonds State Park. [1], 13. Food products are the state's largest employing sector, with lumber and wood products a close second. It lies in the southeastern region of the United States. History. Arkansas’s 10 largest cities (2010.) [1], 10. With these facts about Arkansas, let us learn more about its history, geography, people, economy and more. The beautiful Apple Blossom has pink and white petals with green leaves. Rice, soybeans, and wheat are some of the important crops from the region. Established near the mouth of the Arkansas River in 1686, Arkansas Post was the first permanent white settlement in the state.. Forty Acres And A Mule? Except for Hawaii and Louisiana, Arkansas is the smallest state west of the Mississippi River. Arkansas (/ ˈ ɑːr k ən s ɔː /) is a state in the south central United States, home to more than three million people as of 2018. Arkansas is actually a large producer of honey and in 2001, was ranked 8. Annual Reports Arkansas Fact Sheets Bulletins County Geologic Reports Educational Workshop Series Geologic Field Books Guide Books Industrial Mineral Reports Information Circulars Miscellaneous Publications Open-File Reports Roadside Geology Series State Park Series USGS Grants Water Circulars Water Summaries It shares its border with six states (Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Missouri.) The poultry industry is one of the largest private employers in the state. The state is the leading producer of rice and provides 46% of the country’s supply. [15], 5. It has over 600,000 acres of lakes. 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